Adverbs inform about a place, time, purpose, or manner of an activity. They relate to a verb and are used to describe when, how, where and why something has happened. Adverbs do not inflect. Adverbs answer questions: how? when? where? Adverbs are divided into the basic and derivative ones. Among basic adverbs, there are e.g.
Forming adverbs from adjectives
Adverbs formed from adjectives ending with
Forming degrees of adverbs
Degrees of adverbs are commonly used. There are three degrees of intensity of a characteristic: positive, comparative, and superlative.
Regular forming of adverb degrees
Note! Alternations in adverb stems:
- ł → l:
ciepło → cieplej
- sn → śni:
jasno → jaśniej
- g → ż:
drogo → drożej
- t → c:
krótko → krócej
- s → ż:
wysoko → wyżej
When comparing adverbs, suffix
Irregular forming of adverb degrees
Analytical forming of adverb degrees
Analitical comparison of adverbs concerns those adverbs which in the basic form have four and more syllables. The comparative is formed through adding the word
Comparative in comparisons
In structures aimed at comparing, comparative form of an adverb is used. For making a comparison, use words:
Latem jest cieplej niż zimą. Magda mówi po polsku lepiej od Nazara. Mam coraz więcej pracy.